Our colonial rulers straitjacketed higher education under state universities structured to turn out mediocre sub-citizens with colonial attitudes. We are still wedded to it.
In a democracy, the people have a right to educate themselves. There can be three types of institutions. First, state universities providing education of average quality at subsidised fees. Second, private trusts providing free infrastructure to set up universities and colleges for imparting average to high quality education at operating costs. Third, limited companies providing education and giving dividends to investors. The first promotes equity, the second excellence, the third relevance.
We need to de-colonialise higher education and democratise it, based on our ethos.