According to the scheme of the Constitution, the people elect representatives for the functions of the body to which they elect them. Thus, members of parliament, state legislators and local councillors have mandate from the people only for the subjects on the union, state and local lists.
For several years after independence, the Speaker prevented legislators from raising local issues. Gradually, this discipline was violated, the "zero hour" got institutionalised, and now dominates business in every house. The result is that they have little time for pressing legislation and business.
The Constitution provides that if a person gets elected to two houses, he or she has to resign from one. Violating this principle, legislators have made themselves ex officio members on local councils. Further, by allocating themselves two crore rupees every year for local programmes, they have assumed executive functions, compromising their watchdog role. These are serious abuse of jurisdiction and authority and can be challenged by any local government in the courts.