Part 1: Name, Short Title, Date of coming into Force, and Transitory Provisions

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Article 1.1 Name and short title
The name of the nation shall be "Bharat" also called India. The title of the Constitution shall be "Constitution for Free Bharat, 2000", and the short title "Constitution for Free Bharat".
 
Note: Travellers who came in through the passes in the eastern Himalayan ranges in bygone days gave the subcontinent the name "India" after the river Indus. Indus river is now mostly in Pakistan. India has been called Bharat since ages. Since most states and metropolitan cities have now replaced colonial distortions by their original names, the original name of the nation too should be restored. The true spirit of the people of India resides in Bharat and its villages. The name "India" shall also continue to be used.
 
Article 1.2 Date of coming into force
This Constitution shall come into force with effect from the date the Election Commission notifies that the people of India had approved it through referendum.

 
A Colonial Legacy
Article 1.3 Transitory provisions and interpretation
(1) As from the date this Constitution comes into force, the Commission for Review of the Working of the Constitution shall be deemed to have become the National Sovereign Rights Commission under this Constitution. In that capacity, it can, after obtaining the approval of the people through referendum, authenticate the new Constitution in the name of "We, the people of India".
 
(2) The National Sovereign Rights Commission shall be responsible for giving effect to this Constitution in a phased manner, and monitor and enforce its proper implementation. If any difficulty arises in the interpretation of the Constitution, the Commission shall interpret it and get it ratified by the people through referendum at the next earliest opportunity.
 
(3) To assist it in its work, the National Sovereign Rights Commission shall take immediate steps to notify the State Sovereign Rights Commissions in all the states. The National and State Sovereign Rights Commissions shall have the power to issue directions to the national, state and local governments to take specific actions for implementing the provisions of this Constitution. They shall have the power to impose penalty personally on elected and appointed servants of the people and enforce implementation through punitive action. The effort shall however be to bring about the transition in as amicable a manner as possible, in the best interest of the nation and its people.
 
(4) Soon after this Constitution is authenticated, the President of India shall call upon the member of the newly elected national parliament who is elected the leader of the house, to resign as legislator and assume the office of the President of India as the chief executive. He will also ask him to nominate a deputy to assume the office of Vice President of India.
 
(5) The Governors of states will concurrently invite the leaders of the state legislatures and local assemblies, to resign the elective office they hold, and assume the office of the Governor of the state or local government, as the case may be, as the chief executive. They too will nominate an associate to assume the office of Deputy Governor.
 
(6) The chief judges of superior or local courts, as the case may be, shall administer the oath of office in the form prescribed in Article 18.1 to the President of India and governors of state and local governments under this Constitution. On assumption of office by the new functionaries, the present President of India and Governors of States shall be deemed to have relinquished office.
 
(7) The chief executives thus appointed shall hold office until the first election under this Constitution that shall be held in the following year. This transitory period shall not be counted for reckoning the total tenure permissible to a chief executive.


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