Article 1.1 Name and short
titleThe name of the
nation shall be "Bharat" also called India. The title
of the Constitution shall be "Constitution for Free Bharat,
2000", and the short title "Constitution for Free
Note: Travellers who came in through the passes in the eastern
Himalayan ranges in bygone days gave the subcontinent the name
"India" after the river Indus. Indus river is now
mostly in Pakistan. India has been called Bharat since ages.
Since most states and metropolitan cities have now replaced
colonial distortions by their original names, the original name
of the nation too should be restored. The true spirit of the
people of India resides in Bharat and its villages. The name
"India" shall also continue to be used.
Article 1.2 Date of coming
This Constitution shall
come into force with effect from the date the Election
Commission notifies that the people of India had approved it
Transitory provisions and interpretation
(1) As from the
date this Constitution comes into force, the Commission for
Review of the Working of the Constitution shall be deemed to
have become the National Sovereign Rights Commission under this
Constitution. In that capacity, it can, after obtaining the
approval of the people through referendum, authenticate the new
Constitution in the name of "We, the people of India".
(2) The National Sovereign Rights Commission shall be
responsible for giving effect to this Constitution in a phased
manner, and monitor and enforce its proper implementation. If
any difficulty arises in the interpretation of the Constitution,
the Commission shall interpret it and get it ratified by the
people through referendum at the next earliest opportunity.
(3) To assist it in its work, the National Sovereign Rights
Commission shall take immediate steps to notify the State
Sovereign Rights Commissions in all the states. The National and
State Sovereign Rights Commissions shall have the power to issue
directions to the national, state and local governments to take
specific actions for implementing the provisions of this
Constitution. They shall have the power to impose penalty
personally on elected and appointed servants of the people and
enforce implementation through punitive action. The effort shall
however be to bring about the transition in as amicable a manner
as possible, in the best interest of the nation and its people.
(4) Soon after this Constitution is authenticated, the President
of India shall call upon the member of the newly elected
national parliament who is elected the leader of the house, to
resign as legislator and assume the office of the President of
India as the chief executive. He will also ask him to nominate a
deputy to assume the office of Vice President of India.
(5) The Governors of states will concurrently invite the leaders
of the state legislatures and local assemblies, to resign the
elective office they hold, and assume the office of the Governor
of the state or local government, as the case may be, as the
chief executive. They too will nominate an associate to assume
the office of Deputy Governor.
(6) The chief judges of superior or local courts, as the case
may be, shall administer the oath of office in the form
prescribed in Article 18.1 to the President of India and
governors of state and local governments under this
Constitution. On assumption of office by the new functionaries,
the present President of India and Governors of States shall be
deemed to have relinquished office.
(7) The chief executives thus appointed shall hold office until
the first election under this Constitution that shall be held in
the following year. This transitory period shall not be counted
for reckoning the total tenure permissible to a chief executive.