Chapter 7

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Provincial Government


The district Panchayats and municipal councils shall send their presidents to the provincial panchayat. Its strength will naturally vary from province to province. In the case of smaller provinces, one more representative besides the president of the district panchayats and municipal council may be sent to the provincial panchayat.The term of the provincial panchayat shall be three years. It shall usually meet twice a year.

7.1 Functions
Function of the provincial panchayat shall be:

a. to guide, supervise and coordinate the activities of the district panchayats and audit their accounts.

b. to maintain special reserve of guardians for emergencies,

c. to arrange for university education, specially higher technical training and research work.

d. to organise well coordinated transport and communications within the province.

e. to provide for adequate irrigation facilities.

f. to organise famine relief in times of emergencies.

g. to run provincial cooperative bank for providing cheap credit facilities to district panchayats.

h. to develop the natural resources of the province and, where necessary, to manage the ’key’ industries.

To facilitate education and executive, legislative and judicial work in the language of the region, the provinces shall be reorganised on linguistic basis.

7.2 Administration
The provincial panchayat shall be the legislature of the province. It shall, of course, be uni-cameral, and will posses full powers within its territories to enact laws in regard to provincial functions specified earlier.
 
There shall be a complete separation of function between the legislature and the executive. The provincial panchayat shall appoint minister or commissars in charge of different departments. The minister, though fully responsible to the panchayat, shall not be appointed from amongst the members of the provincial panchayat. "Where the chief executive and the chief legislative are practically identical, and the members of the former are substantially or heavily salaried as in England, true responsibility ceases, manoeuvres and intrigues of party politics become rampant, and legislation cannot be disinterested
1."

a. to make arrangement for collegiate or post-basic education.
b. to maintain well equipped hospitals for special diseases.
c. to maintain a reserve of district guardians for emergencies.
d. to run district cooperative banks and marketing societies.
e. to make adequate arrangements for irrigation.
f. to organise inter-taluka sports and tournaments.
  
6.3 Municipal Councils
In towns, there shall be ward panchayats and municipal councils that will have extensive executive and legislative powers. Their functions will be, more or less, on the lines of the district panchayats; they shall coordinate the activities of the ward panchayats.
 
The municipal councils shall own and manage all public means of transport, electric powerhouses and water supply arrangements.


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