Taluka and District Panchayats
To coordinate the social, economic and
political activities of villages there shall be taluka (tahsil)
and district panchayats. The functions of these higher bodies
shall be advisory and not mandatory; they shall guide, advise
and supervise, and not command the lower panchayat.6.1 Taluka Panchayat
Duly elected presidents
of a certain number of villages shall constitute the taluka
panchayat. The number of members of panchayat will naturally
depend on the number of villages grouped into a taluka.
Ordinarily, there shall be about 20 villages in a taluka with an
approximate total population of say, 20,000. Needless to mention
that the sizes of the existing talukas will have to be reduced
considerably in order to make their executive, legislative and
judicial work manageable and efficient. The term of taluka
panchayat, like the village panchayats, shall be three years.
The functions of the Taluka Panchayat shall be:
a. to guide, supervise and coordinate the activities of village
panchayats, and audit their accounts.
b. to arrange for secondary or upper basic education.
c. to maintain bigger hospitals and maternity homes for
d. to maintain special reserve of guardians for assisting
villages in emergencies.
e. to run taluka cooperative banks and marketing societies.
f. to keep the inter-village roads in good repairs.
g. to maintain model farms for increasing agricultural
h. to organise inter-village sports and tournaments.
6.2 District Panchatyat
All the presidents of
taluka panchayats shall constitute the district panchayat.
Ordinarily, a district shall not contain more than a dozen
talukas of the size indicated above. The terms of the district
panchayat shall be three years. Its functions shall be:
a. to guide, supervise and coordinate the activities of taluka
panchayats and audit their accounts.
Title ‘Panchayat’ or ‘Government’
The use by the
author of the title "panchayat" while referring to
higher level governments creates confusion. For example, no one
recognises zila panchayat as a government while the collector is
believed to be representing the government. Truly, all —-
village, taluk or janpad, district, city, state and national —-
are governments. The title ‘Panchayat’ is associated with
village governments that usually has five councillors. It is odd
to call the national parliament ‘All India Panchayat’.
In democracies, the governments at the local level are most
important to the people. It will be correct to call village
governments by their traditional title, gram panchayats,
especially since they usually have five councillors and their
head Sarpanch. All others should be called government.
Zila panchayat should be called district council and the head of
the district government, zilapal or district governor. Small
towns that are under the coordination of district governments
may have nagarpalikas or municipalities headed by mahapor or
mayor. Cities that are autonomous may have city governments
headed by nagarpal or city governor.
The states should have state legislatures and the executive head
of the government may be called rajpal or state governor. At the
national level, there should be a parliament and an executive
—- PEOPLE FIRST